Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

The Australian Dingo is a free roaming unique member of the dog family unique to Australian continent. Asian Wild Wolf is supposed to be the ancestor of these animals which came on this satellite earth thousands of years ago. Dingoes bear a number of features similar to the antediluvian dogs. They play an important role in ecosystem of Australia as they ar the apex and the largest predators in this continent. They ar having a habit of attacking stock and sheep. Today it is believed that dingoes have descended from the domestic dogs. A number of dingo-hybrids ar available today. Dingo is commonly known as wild dog but scientifically it has been assigned as Canis lupus dingo. Dingoes ar characterized by presence of a broad head, pointed muzzle and erect ears. The colour of the eye may be brown, orange or yellow. As compared to other dogs they have longer muzzles, larger carnassials, longer canine teeth, flat skull with larger nuchal lines.

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Australian Dingo is 52-60 cm tall astatine the shoulders while117-124 cm from nose to the tail tip. The body weight may reach to about 13-20 kilogram but the wild species may attain body weight up to 27 kg. Males are typically bigger and heavier as compared to the females of the same age. The legs are about half the duration of the body. They have sabre-form nails. The pelt present on the tail is short and bushy and its thickness and length varies according to the climate. The fur is usually sandy to reddish in colour but may also include shades of white, black and brown. Completely black dingoes were present in past in Australia but now they are more common in Asia than Australia. Most dingoes are bi-coloured with patches of white on the muzzles, paws, chest and legs. Like all other domestic dogs they tend towards phonetic communication. They howl and whimper and bark less like the domestic dogs. The barque of a dingo is short and monosyllabic. They bark only in swooshing noises. Barking is also used as a warning signal for the predators. They have three forms of howling with at least 10 variations. These forms are long and persistent, rising and ebbing, and short and abrupt. The exact meaning of howling is still not known. Frequency of howling is affected by season and time of the day and is also affected by breeding, lactation, social stableness and dispersal behaviour. They also growl in order to defend themselves. Urine, faeces and scent from other objects ar used for marking the territory. They also respond to various cues and gestures from humans.

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

They are nocturnal in the warmer regions but are active during the daytime in the tank areas. The main time of activity has been observed during the dusk and the dawn. They rest for short intervals. They do two kinds of movements, the searching and the exploratory movement. Searching movement is performed for hunting while the exploratory movement is interested with making communication and contact with other dogs. They are very shy towards humans. About 170 species of dissimilar animals ar known which form the dieting of dingoes. Dietary composition varies in unlike continents. They are strictly carnivorous feeding on rodents, opossums, kangaroo rats, rabbits etc. they drink about 1 liter of water in summertime and half a liter in winter. They often kill by biting the throat and often adopt unlike preying strategies in different situations. For killing a larger prey more than one individuals come into action for performing this task.

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Although they have been observed alone but they go to a particular group and meet with the fellows from time to time in order to make contact and to mate and raise the pups. They ar complete social animals and ar known to form stable packs and defend the territories. A pack mainly consists of 3-12 individuals which together defend an area throughout the year. Packs have different hierarchies for males and females of unlike ranks. Most individuals prefer to dwell in the areas close to their birth and usually do non travel more than 20 km per day. They breed once in a year depending upon the estrus cycle of the female. The females come into heat twice a year but they become pregnant only once. The second time they pretend themselves as pregnant. The mating season usually occurs between marches and May in Australia. During this season they strictly defend their territory with growl and barking. Majority of the females become active at the age of two years. The males mature when they are 1-3 years old. The gestation period may range from 61-69 days and there ar 10 pups in a litter. The number of males is higher in a bedding than that of the females. The pups of a subordinate female ar usually killed by the alpha female.

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

The pups when 3 week old leave the den for sometime but leave it permanently when they are 8-weeks old. The dens ar usually constructed underground. Young dingoes become independent astatine the age of 3-6 months. Dingoes usually prefer to live in one area and do non undergo seasonal migrations but under the conditions of famine and fire they migrate to safer areas. They ar susceptible to a number of infections like that of the other dogs. They are easy parasitized by lungworms, hookworms, whipworms, ticks and lice. It is believed that they originated in the Pleistocene. Today they are found in almost all habitats ranging from the snow covered mountains of Eastern Australia, hot deserts of Central Australia and tropical forest wetlands of Northern Australia. They ar absent in many grasslands of Australia because of habitat destruction.

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

Dingo Pups

They have been categorized as vulnerable in the Red List of Endangered Species. They are a pest for the stock and the cattle. They are also kept as pet by many people. They ar potentially dangerous to humans as they attack when irritated.